What Does an ENT Specialist Do?
In addition to graduating from medical school (usually four years), a board certified ENT specialist has completed at least five years
of specialty training and passed a certification examination for the American Board of Otolaryngology. ENT specialists are experts in
both the medical and surgical management of the following:
- Conditions of the ear. You may need to see an ear, nose, and throat doctor if you have an ear disorder or condition, such as a
hearing impairment, ear infections, disorders that affect balance, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), or pain in your ear. ENT specialists
can also treat congenital disorders of the ear (disorders you were born with).
- Conditions of the nose. ENT specialists often manage and treat problems that affect the nose, nasal cavity, and sinuses. These problems
can affect smell, breathing, and physical appearance.
- Conditions of the throat. Disorders and conditions that affect the throat can affect speech, singing, eating, swallowing, and digestion.
ENT specialists can diagnose, manage, and treat these problems.
- ENT-related conditions of the head and neck. ENT specialists are trained to manage diseases, tumors, trauma, and deformities of the
head, neck, and face. ENT specialists can perform cosmetic and reconstructive surgery in these areas. They can also manage problems with
the nerves in the head and neck that control sight, smelling, hearing, and facial movements.
Many ENT specialists have also completed an additional one to two years of extensive training in one of the following subspecialty areas
- Pediatric otolaryngology (specializing in ENT problems in children)
- Otology/neurotology/audiology (specializing in ears, balance, and tinnitus)
- Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery
- Head and neck surgery (specializing in tumors of the head and neck)
- Laryngology (specializing in the throat, voice, and swallowing)
- Rhinology (specializing in the nose and sinus cavity)
Some otolaryngologists also have sub-certifications in sleep medicine.
Who Needs to See an ENT Specialist?
Among the conditions that are commonly treated by an ear, nose, and throat doctor are:
- Injury to your ears, nose, or throat
- Nerve problems in your ears, nose, or throa
- Balance problems
- Hearing impairment
- Ear infection
- Tonsil or adenoid infection
- Swimmer's ear
- Pain in your ears, nose, or throat
- Ear, nose, or throat birth defects
- Breathing problems
- Down's syndrome
- Sinus problem
- Growth or tumor in your ears, nose, or throat
- Deviated septum
- Undesired appearance of the nose or face
- Cleft palate
- Drooping of the eyelids
- Hair loss
- Nose bleeds
- Nasal congestion
- Problems with smell
- Voice or swallowing problems
- Sore throat
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
If you are dealing with one of these conditions or another problem that affects your ears, nose, throat, or a related area, ask your
primary care doctor if an ENT specialist may be able to help.
Source & Reference:https://www.everydayhealth.com/ear-nose-throat/specialist.aspx
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